“…19th-century philosopher of science William Whewell called a “consilience of inductions.” For a theory to be accepted, Whewell argued, it must be based on more than one induction—or a single generalization drawn from specific facts. It must have multiple inductions that converge on one another, independently but in conjunction. “Accordingly the cases in which inductions from classes of facts altogether different have thus jumped together,” he wrote in his 1840 book The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, “belong only to the best established theories which the history of science contains.” Call it a “convergence of evidence.”
“But the literary Rosetta Stone of Pettibon’s groundbreaking works is the sheaves of mimeographed citations used by his father, who taught in community colleges and courses sponsored by the US Armed Forces. Pettibon combined these fragments of the Great Books with excerpts from pulp fiction such that the texts of his works echo with the optimistic cadences of Walt Whitman, the exaltation of Herman Melville, and the brooding mysteries of Edgar Allan Poe, juxtaposed with the tawdriness of Harold Robbins, Jacqueline Suzanne, and Mickey Spillane. Pettibon’s perfect impersonations of these and other writers make for a signal demonstration of post-modern collaging of the classics, while his emphasis on the Bible also points to the fact that the empowered, self-conscious reader—whom he frequently addresses directly—keeps the interpretation of those classics wide open.”
“The notion of a “Muslim world” is not a result of Islamic “theological requirements or a uniquely high level of Muslim piety,” Aydin writes. It is a product of the West’s historical “imperial racialization of Muslimness,” on the one hand, and of “Muslim resistance to this racialized identity,” on the other. This process of exchange, concentrated in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, made meaningful the idea of a Muslim world for those beyond and within it. The term refers not to a place but to a series of narratives developed by Muslims and non-Muslims to navigate racialized notions of faith, foreignness, and modernity.”
I like Rebecca Solnit’s take on the antifa brouhaha. Lots of liberals and the media running around shrieking about the boys and girls in black…instead of focusing on the real menace to America. Which is just what the real menace wants. I don’t condone taking violent aggressive action against fascists in the streets. But I also believe in self-defense. And there are times when the antifa presence has been very welcome.
Happy Fourth of July my fellow Americans , love this great nation and enjoy its freedom, no one gives this much freedom in this world then United States of America.
ndependence Day, also referred to as the Fourth of July or July Fourth, is a federal holiday in the United States commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence 241 years ago on July 4, 1776. The Continental Congress declared that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America, and were no longer part of the British Empire. The Congress actually voted to declare independence two days earlier, on July 2.
Anyone in D3 right now?
Who wants to treat yourself some yummy food? I teamed up with @shakespeareandco and @ubereats_uae and the first 30 lucky foodies in D3 can use the promo code WFDEATS to order food up to 100 dirhams. Offer valid til tomorrow 2pm . Start ordering and bon appetit
If you have a
you will also be able to save more from your order at the checkout.
So…friends from Chicago…do you call it the Sears Tower or the Willis Tower?
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You are my best friend’s little cousin, so that makes you my little cousin lol. I have watched you grow from a beautiful baby to a lovely young lady. Being a graduate student at Columbia is one of your many accomplishments.Keep traveling the world, it has broaden and stimulated your personal growth. The path that you walk will allow your feet to plant seeds which will turn into tall trees.
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∞ “Avoid the habit of promoting some theory or idea to the degree that it appears to declare the nature of reality, being or organisms. The first step in this error is the evacuation of the universe. Impossibly infinite sophistication and relational intimacies beyond all possible imagining are discarded. In that void, some description is enthroned. So reverse the polarity.
Models of reality are variously accurate and fictional, to differing degrees, in differing contexts. But they are sketches of twigs made in the shadow of a living world and its forests. None of these are trees. Or skies. Or worlds. They are sketches. Just as there is no cartoon that can stand in the place of the Earth, there is no model that declares reality, however practical or partial a grasp the methods from which the model originates may be held to be in some specific context. No context is all contexts. No answer entirely universal.
Minds are not museums for models of relation or reality. They are, instead, their origin. Don’t trade your hands for an image drawn for abstract others in laboratories or bibles. Let images be images, and minds be as they must and will beyond them.”
— an a i
John was not the only Beatle who questioned authority. Thanks for sharing this, Mark Crispin Miller. Our artists saw through the lies about the Kennedy assassination propagated by the government and the media. David Crosby was another one who tried to wake up the public. Here’s what he said on stage with the Byrds at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 before he and the band performed “He Was a Friend of Mine,” their beautiful song about JFK: “Though they’re shooting this for television, I’m sure they’ll edit this out…I wanna say it anyway, though they will edit it out: President Kennedy was killed…he was not killed by one man. He was shot from a number of different directions – by different guns. The story has been suppressed, witnesses have been killed, and this is your country….ladies and gentlemen.”